Responsible publication practices and authorship are key elements of Responsible Conduct of Research. Publications create a record of research, building collective knowledge in society and advancing science. By publishing results, researchers allow others to review their work, so they can replicate and build upon it.
Items that the research team must consider include:
- Citations – Work of others is properly referenced, in the required format(s).
- Contributions – All individuals participating in the project are credited accurately and in applicable sections.
- Data – Data is double-checked to confirm no errors are published, and data is retained in accordance with”Appendix A: Sharing, Retention, and Ownership of Research Data” of RE0001 UT Policy and Procedures on Responsible Conduct in Research and Scholarly Activities.
- Transparency – Authors have disclosed and, through set University processes, managed any potential conflicts of interest related to the project. (See Research Conflicts of Interest & Commitment.)
- Responsibilities – Authors agree to and are responsible for their portion of publication contents.
Standard practices for determining authorship are provided by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME) and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). These professional standards are applicable across a wide group of disciplines and center around the following criteria for authorship:
- “Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
- Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
- Final approval of the version to be published; AND
- Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.” (from ICJME website)
- ” Two minimum requirements define authorship across all definitions – making a substantial contribution to the work and being accountable for the work and its published form.
- Acknowledgements may be used to denote contributions to the work that do not meet the criteria of Authorship ” (from COPE)
See the Graduate School iThenticate website for more information related to specific graduation requirements and iThenticate use.
If potential competing or conflicting interests exist, the reviewer has a responsibility to raise the concern to the journal. Someone serving as a journal editor should also notify the journal of any interest that could cause bias or the appearance of bias.
The NIH Office of Research Integrity also offers resources on the topic of Peer Review.
Copyright laws provide protection to original works, automatically, at the time they are “fixed in a tangible medium of expression” (see Copyright Law). Registering your work with the US Copyright Office will create a public record, but is not necessary for copyright to apply.
Copyright laws provide protection for you as an author and also create responsibilities when using copyrighted materials. Keep in mind:
- For dissertations, theses, and other publications republishing copyrighted materials:
- Obtain written permission before using materials (see UT Libraries Scholarly Publishing Toolkit: Securing Permission)
- Include acknowledgement statement (for example, “Reprinted TITLE (YEAR. JOURNAL NAME, VOLUME, PAGE RANGE), with permission of AUTHOR/COPYRIGHT HOLDER.“)
- When submitting, reviewing, or editing works submitted to a journal, review and understand the journal’s licensing agreements.
- Follow journal guidelines for citations and acknowledgements.
- Perform iThenticate review before publishing.
- Consider publishing in – or serving as editor or reviewer for – journals with open-access.
For more information, contact firstname.lastname@example.org or UT Libraries staff.
- UT Libraries guidance on Copyright
- Scholar’s Copyright Addendum Engine (Science Commons) – tool to create a PDF document to attach to publisher’s copyright agreement
- UT Graduate School Guide to the Preparation of Theses and Dissertations
- UT iThenticate plagiarism-detection software
- DHHS Office of Research Integrity guidance on Copyright Infringement, Fair Use, and Plagiarism